Colectomy Procedure - Colectomy surgery Learm about it- VitalDiseases

Colectomy Procedure Colectomy surgery: A colectomy is a surgical treatment used to deal with colon diseases. these consist of cancer, inflammatory disorder, or diverticulitis. The surgical treatment involves eliminating a portion of the colon, that is a part of the large gut.Colectomy Procedure Colectomy surgery

Colectomy Procedure Colectomy surgery:

A colectomy is surgery in which your doctor removes part or all of your large intestine. The large intestine is also called the colon .

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Doctors might do a colectomy to treat problems such as:

Colon cancer

Digestive tract disorders, such as severe diverticulitis or inflammatory bowel disease

A blockage in the colon

An injury to the colonColectomy Procedure Colectomy surgery

How do I prepare for a colectomy? 

 Your doctor will tell you how to prepare for your colectomy. You might need to eat certain foods and avoid other foods in the days before your surgery. Your doctor will tell how long before the surgery you should stop eating and drinking.Your doctor will tell you if you need to change or stop any of your medicines before the surgery. He or she might give you medicine to take beforehand to empty your intestines.

What happens during a colectomy? 

Before the surgery starts, you will get medicines (through an IV) to make you sleep. You will not be awake for the surgery.Colectomy Procedure Colectomy surgery

There are 2 different ways your doctor can do a colectomy:

Open surgery – During open surgery, your doctor will make a cut in your belly. He or she will remove some or all of your colon . How much your doctor removes depends on the reason for your surgery and how severe your condition is.

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Laparoscopic surgery – During laparoscopic surgery, your doctor will make a few small cuts in your belly. Then he or she will insert long, thin tools through the cuts and into your belly. One of the tools has a camera (called a “laparoscope”) on the end, which sends pictures to a TV screen. Your doctor can look at the screen to know where to cut and what to remove. Then he or she uses the long tools to do the surgery through the small cuts.

After your doctor removes your colon, he or she will make sure there is a way for bowel movements to exit your body. To do this, your doctor will either:

Reconnect your colon – If your doctor can reconnect your colon, you should be able to have bowel movements normally.Colectomy Procedure Colectomy surgery

Do a procedure called a colostomy or ileostomy – For either of these procedures, your doctor will make a small hole in your belly. Then he or she will connect your intestine to this opening. If your doctor connects your large intestine to the hole, it’s called a “colostomy.” If your doctor connects your small intestine to the hole, it’s called an “ileostomy.” Your bowel movements will come out through the hole into a bag that is attached to your skin (figure 3).

What happens after surgery? 

 After surgery, most people stay in the hospital for 3 to 7 days.

Your intestines need to heal before you can eat solid foods again. Most people can drink liquids within 1 to 2 days after surgery and eat solid foods soon after that. If your intestines take longer to heal, your doctor might need to give you extra nutrition though a tube in your nose, or sometimes through a vein in your arm.

What problems can happen after a colectomy? 

 Although uncommon, there are problems that can happen after a colectomy. They include:

Bleeding in the belly

Infection in the belly or other parts of the body

Blockage of the remaining part of the colon

How will I manage my colostomy or ileostomy? 

A special nurse (called an ostomy nurse) will teach you how to manage your colostomy or ileostomy . He or she will teach you when and how to change the bag that collects your bowel movements.

Will I have my colostomy for the rest of my life? 

 Many people have a colostomy for a short time while their body heals after a colectomy. This is often the case if the colectomy was done for an emergency. Most people do not need to have a colostomy for the rest of their life, but some do.

If you need a colostomy for only a short time, your doctor will do another surgery later to reconnect your colon. Then you can have bowel movements normally again.

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